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Jennifer C. Richardson

Associate Professor
Learning Design and Technology
Department of Curriculum and Instruction


Dr. Richardson's research focuses on distance education, in particular online learning environments. Specific areas of research and practice related to online learning include social aspects of online learning, the Community of Inquiry (CoI), best practices in distance learning, and gauging learning in online environments. Dr. Richardson is also interested in the integration of technology to improve learning at the K-12 and higher education levels. 


Ph.D. University at Albany/SUNY, 2001, Curriculum and Instruction
C.A.S. University at Albany/SUNY, 2001, Educational Research and Program Evaluation
M.S. University at Albany/SUNY, 1999, Curriculum Design & Instructional Technology
M.S. University at Albany/SUNY, 1997, Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
M.S. University at Albany/SUNY, 1996, Educational Administration and Policy Studies
B.A. Russell Sage College, 1993, Political Science and History

Selected Publications

  • Yu, T. & Richardson, J.C. (2015). Examining Reliability and Validity of a Korean Version of the Community of Inquiry Instrument Using Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis. The Internet and Higher Education.
  • Richardson, J.C. & Alsup, J. (2014). Moving from the classroom to the keyboard:How seven teachers created their online teacher identities. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 15(7). 
  • Kozan, K. & Richardson, J.C. (2014). New Exploratory and Confirmatory Factor Analysis Insights into the Community of Inquiry Survey. The Internet and Higher Education, 23, 39-47.
  • Kozan, K. & Richardson, J.C. (2014). Interrelationships between and among Social, Teaching and Cognitive Presence. The Internet and Higher Education, 21, 68-73.
  • Lowenthal, P., York, C. & Richardson, J.C. (Eds). (2013). Introduction. In Online learning: Common misconceptions, benefits and challenges. Nova Science Publishers, NY
  • Richardson, J.C., Sadaf, A., Ertmer, P. (2012). Relationship between types of question prompts and critical thinking in online discussions. In Z. Akyol &D.R. Garrison (Eds.), Educational Communities of Inquiry: Theoretical Framework, Research and Practice. IGI Global.
  • Richardson, J.C., Fox, W. & Lehman, J. (2012).Videoconferencing scenarios for teacher education programs. TechTrends. 56(5).
  • Richardson, J.C., Arbaugh, J.C. Cleveland-Innes, M., Ice, P., Swan, K. & Garrison, D.R. (2012). Using the Community of Inquiry framework to inform effective instructional design. In L. Moller & J. Huett (Eds.), The Next Generation of Education. New York: Springer Publishing.
  • York, C. & Richardson, J.C. (2012). Interpersonal interaction in online learning: Experienced online instructors’ perceptions of influencing factors. Journal of Asynchronous Learning Networks, 16(4), 83-98.
  • Chang, R., Richardson, J.C., Maier, H., Euan, L., Lovric, B., Jaksa, M., Banky, G., Coller,  B. & Hamilton, E. (Winter 2011). Practitioner reflections on engineering students’ engagement with e-Learning. Advances in Engineering Education, 9(3). Available online:
  • Richardson, J.C., Maeda, Y. & Swan, K. (2010). Adding a web-based perspective to the self-assessment of knowledge: Compelling reasons to utilize affective measures of learning.  Academy of Management Learning & Education, 9(2), 321-328.
  • Richardson, J.C. & Ice, P. (2010). Investigating students’ level of critical thinking across instructional strategies in online discussions. The Internet and Higher Education, 13(1-2), 52-59. Available online at:
  • Ertmer, P., Richardson, J.C., Lehman, J., Newby, T., Cheng, X., Mong, C. & Sadaf, A. (2010). Peer feedback in a large undergraduate blended course: Perceptions of value and learning. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 43(1), 67-88.
  • Boston, W., Diaz, S., Gibson, A., Ice, P., Richardson, J., & Swan, K. (2009). An exploration of the relationship between indicators of the Community of Inquiry Framework and retention in online programs. Journalof Asynchronous Learning Networks, (13)3, 67-83.
  • Yang, D. & Richardson, J.C. (2009). Online interaction styles: Adapting to active interaction styles. In Yang, H., & Yuen, S. C.-Y. (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Practices and Outcomes in E-Learning: Issues and Trends. Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference.
  • Garrison, D. R, Swan, K. & Richardson, J.C. (2009). Taking Dewey online: Community of Inquiry framework. In C. Payne (Ed.), Information Technology and Constructivism in Higher Education: Progressive Learning Frameworks (pp. 43-57). Hershey, PA: IGI Global.
  • Arbaugh, B., Cleveland-Innes, M., Diaz, S. Ice, P., Garrison, D.R., Richardson, J.C, Shea, P. & Swan, K. (2008). Developing a Community of Inquiry instrument: Testing a measure of the Community of Inquiry framework using a multi-institutional sample. The Internet and Higher Education, 11(3-4), 133-136.
  • Swan, K., Richardson, J.C., Ice, P., Garrison, D.R., Cleveland-Innes, M. & Arbaugh, J.B. (2008). Validating a Measurement Tool of Presence in Online Communities of Inquiry. E-mentor, 2(24). Available online at
  • Richardson, J.C., Ertmer, P.A., Aagard, H., Ottenbreit-Leftwich, A., Yang, D. & Mack, N. (2007). Factors influencing teachers' implementation of digital age literacy skills and strategies. Teacher Education & Practice, 20(3), 239-262.
  • Belland, B., Simons, K., & Richardson J.C. (2007). A scaffolding framework to support the construction of evidence-based arguments among secondary students. Educational Technology Research & Development. Available online at:
  • Ertmer, P. Richardson, J.C., Belland, B., Camin, D., Connolly, P., Glen Coulthard, Lei, K. & Mong, C. (January, 2007). Peer feedback in online learning environments: An exploratory case study. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(2). Available online at:
  • Richardson, J.C. & Newby, T. (March 2006). Students' cognitive engagement and online learning. The American Journal of Distance Education, 20(1), 23-37.
  • Schaffer, S. & Richardson, J.C. (2004). Supporting technology integration within a teacher education system. Journal of Education Computing Research, 31(4), 423-435.
  • Richardson, J.C. and Swan, K.P. (2003). An examination of social presence in online courses in relation to students' perceived learning and satisfaction. Journal of Asynchronous Learning, 7(1). [available online at



Associate Professor
Department of Curriculum and Instruction
College of Education, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN


Project Co-Director, Increasing Access to Quality Learning Through Effective Use of Peer Feedback in Online Discussions , FIPSE Comprehensive Program, USDOE


Assistant Professor
Department of Curriculum and Instruction
College of Education, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN


Program Convener
Computer Education, Department of Curriculum and Education
College of Education, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN


Assistant Project Director
P3T3 Project
Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN


EDCI 564

Integration and Management of Computers in Education

EDCI 566

Educational Applications of Hypermedia

EDCI 575

Foundations of Distance Education

EDCI 627

Special Topics (e.g. Researching Online Learning Environments, Advanced Distance Education, Consulting with Faculty in Online Course Development)

EDCI 660

Seminar in Learning, Design and Technology

EDCI 673  

Issues and Methods in Educational Technology Research